In its policy document Sources of Our Existence – conservation and sustainable use of genetic diversity (2002), the Dutch government has stated that it is unnecessary to exercise its sovereignty regarding access to genetic resources occurring in the Netherlands in national legislation. This means that you do not need PIC to access genetic resources in the Netherlands. The legislation for implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in the Netherlands does not regulate access to genetic resources. It may be, however, that access to certain in situ genetic resources is controlled by regulations on biodiversity conservation and nature reserves and by phytosanitary and veterinary measures. In such cases, permission to collect genetic resources must be obtained from the landowner, be it a farmer or public sector agency. Environmental impact rules may also apply. Genetic resources on farms or in gardens are held privately and hence transfer of these genetic resources in any form requires the consent of their owner.